SJ 5
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SJ 5 Wai Guan 外關

“Outer Pass”

WAI outer, outside

GUAN pass, gate

Other Names

Location and Needling:

On dorsal surface of the forearm 2 cun above the dorsal crease of the wrist, between the radius and ulna.
0.5 – 1 cun perpendicular or through and through to PC6

Contraindications and Cautions


San Jiao/Triple Heater,
Lo Connecting Point, sends vessel to Yuan Source point, PC-7.

Master point of Yang Wei Mai, couple point of Dai Mai.
Spirit of Point: Opens the connection between outside and inside. Generates harmony between outside and inside worlds. Makes a connection with world, reaching out to society and bringing it back to oneself and becoming a responsible member of society. Person is influenced too much from outside and not following own path.
Opens the Yang Wei, Expels wind and releases the exterior, Consolidates the wei Qi, treats Shao Yang stage disease.
Benefits the head and ears
Clears heat and resolves toxins, disperses obstruction of Qi and blood, opens the meridians and revives the Lo vessels

Signs and Symptoms

Clinical Research


Cheng, Xinnong, ed. Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion. 2nd ed. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 2005.
Deadman, Peter, Mazin Al-Khafaji, Kevin Baker. A Manual of Acupuncture. East Sussex, England: Journal of Chinese Medicine Publications, 2001. A Manual of Acupuncture. 2nd ed. East Sussex, England: Journal of Chinese Medicine Publications, 2007.
National Acupuncture Foundation. Clean Needle Technique Manual for Acupuncturists. Guidelines and Standards for a Clean and Safe Clinical Practice of Acupuncture. 6th ed. Chaplin, CT: National Acupuncture Foundation, 2009.
O’Connor, John, and Dan Bensky, trns. and ed. Acupuncture: A Comprehensive Text. Shanghai College of Traditional Medicine. Seattle, WA: Eastland Press, 1996.
Connelly, Dianne M. Traditional Acupuncture: The Law of the Five Elements. 2nd ed. Traditional Acupuncture Institute, 1994.
Kaptchuk, Ted J. The Web That Has No Weaver: Understanding Chinese Medicine. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000.
Maciocia, Giovanni. The Foundations of Chinese Medicine: A Comprehensive Text for Acupuncturists and Herbalists. 2nd ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 2005. The Practice of Chinese Medicine: The Treatment of Disease with Acupuncture and Chinese Herbs. 2nd ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 2007.
Wiseman, Nigel, and Andy Ellis. Fundamentals of Chinese Medicine. Revised Edition. Brookline, MA: Paradigm Publications, 1995.
Worsley, J. R. Traditional Chinese Acupuncture: Meridians and Points. 2nd ed. Element Books, 1991.
Zhang, Ting Liang, and Bob Flaws. trns. A Handbook of Traditional Chinese Gynecology. 3rd ed. Boulder, CO: Blue Poppy Press, 1987.


11 Mar 2012 04:44

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