REN 17
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REN 17 Shan Zhong 膻中

“Chest Center”

SHAN central area of chest

ZHONG center, middle

Other Names

Location and Needling:

On the anterior mid line, between the nipples, level with the 4th intercostal space.
Transverse insertion 0.5 – 1 cun

Contraindications and Cautions


Ren Mai,
Front-Mu of PC
Hui -Meeting/ Influential point of QI
Command point for upper Jiao.
One of the Sea of Qi points (REN-17, BL-10, ST-9).

Intersection with SP, KD, SI, SJ meridians.

Regulates Qi and unbinds the chest
Descends rebellious LU and ST Qi
Benefits Zhong Qi, clears the LUs, transforms phlegm, loosens the chest and diaphragm, sedates coughing.
Promotes milk secretion and benefits the breasts.
Spirit of point: Communicates with spirit within the person. Brings the breath of life. Accesses and
joins the LU and the HT.

Signs and Symptoms

Clinical Research


Cheng, Xinnong, ed. Chinese Acupuncture and Moxibustion. 2nd ed. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 2005.
Deadman, Peter, Mazin Al-Khafaji, Kevin Baker. A Manual of Acupuncture. East Sussex, England: Journal of Chinese Medicine Publications, 2001. A Manual of Acupuncture. 2nd ed. East Sussex, England: Journal of Chinese Medicine Publications, 2007.
National Acupuncture Foundation. Clean Needle Technique Manual for Acupuncturists. Guidelines and Standards for a Clean and Safe Clinical Practice of Acupuncture. 6th ed. Chaplin, CT: National Acupuncture Foundation, 2009.
O’Connor, John, and Dan Bensky, trns. and ed. Acupuncture: A Comprehensive Text. Shanghai College of Traditional Medicine. Seattle, WA: Eastland Press, 1996.
Connelly, Dianne M. Traditional Acupuncture: The Law of the Five Elements. 2nd ed. Traditional Acupuncture Institute, 1994.
Kaptchuk, Ted J. The Web That Has No Weaver: Understanding Chinese Medicine. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000.
Maciocia, Giovanni. The Foundations of Chinese Medicine: A Comprehensive Text for Acupuncturists and Herbalists. 2nd ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 2005. The Practice of Chinese Medicine: The Treatment of Disease with Acupuncture and Chinese Herbs. 2nd ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 2007.
Wiseman, Nigel, and Andy Ellis. Fundamentals of Chinese Medicine. Revised Edition. Brookline, MA: Paradigm Publications, 1995.
Worsley, J. R. Traditional Chinese Acupuncture: Meridians and Points. 2nd ed. Element Books, 1991.
Zhang, Ting Liang, and Bob Flaws. trns. A Handbook of Traditional Chinese Gynecology. 3rd ed. Boulder, CO: Blue Poppy Press, 1987.


11 Mar 2012 04:34

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